Melchizedek - Symbolic and Superior

Summary

SERIES: PREEMINENCE

Scripture Reference: Hebrews 7:1-10

Insight

  • Hebrews 7:1-10

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INTRODUCTION

  • Melchizedek Texts

    • Genesis 14:17-20

    • Psalm 110:1-4

      • Speaking of the strength of His reign

    • Hebrews 5:6-11

    • Hebrews 6:19-20

  • Hebrews 7:25

    • The truth is captured in this verse - “Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.”

      • The purpose of this passage is to see this hope we have, the anchor of our salvation.

    • “Type” —> refers to an Old Testament person, practice, or ceremony that has a counterpart, an antitype, in the New Testament. The type pictures, or prefigures, the antitype. The type, though it is historical, real, and of God, is nonetheless imperfect and temporary. The antitype, on the other hand, is perfect and eternal.

      • Examples:

        • the bronze serpent typified Christ in that it was lifted up for their healing

        • Jonah in the depths returning from death

        • the sacrificial lamb; a meek sacrifice on behalf of others

SYMBOLISM DEPICTED (vv. 1-3)

  • Priest and King

    • 4 times in 2 verses Melchizedek is referred to as a king . . . King of Salem, priest of the Most High God (El Elon)

      • Priest and King - the Levitical priest, while a lesser type, were never said to rule. They were set apart for service by God. But Melchizedek was different, and in this way, like Christ.

        • Zechariah 6:13

        • Psalm 110:1; 4

      • Priest and King - ruling over Salem, the ancient city, that would become Jerusalem

        • Psalm 132:13-14

          • Isn’t this where many Jews struggled with their concept of the Messiah? They had no problem seeing Him as King, but as Redeemer of the world?

      • hteousness and Peace

        • Melchizedek’s very name speaks to this

          • Melek - king or ruler

          • Sedeq - to be right or just

          • Jehovah-tsidkenu - Jehovah our righteousness

          • Melchizedek like Jesus - King of Righteousness, but also peace, King of Salem - salem from shalom - peace - Jehovah Shalom - Jehovah our Peace

            • Romans 5:1 - Christ gives us peace by giving us righteousness

            • Isaiah 32:17 - Melchizedek a picture of the Christ - King of Righteousness and Peace

            • Psalm 85:10

      • Personal and Perpetual

        • Without father or mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like the Son of God, he remains a priest perpetually.

          • The Levitical priesthood was based on heredity, genealogy; all levitical priests were obviously from the line of Levi, but more specifically, through Aaron. Their priesthood was based on lineage.

        • Melchizedek’s priesthood was personal

          • The point in Hebrews is that Melchizedek’s parentage and origin are irrelevant to his priesthood. For the Levitical priests, lineage was everything; for Melchizedek, it meant nothing.

        • Jesus’s lineage is not traced to Aaron of Levi, but to Judah. Based on lineage, Jesus was not qualified for the Levitical priesthood. But as typified by Melchizedek it was personal. He was perfectly qualified. He needed no genealogy. His personal worth; His personal quality.

        • Levitical priests served from the age of 25-20; no priest could serve more than 25 years.

SUPERIORITY DEMONSTRATED (vv. 4-10)

  • Tithes from the Lesser

    • Abraham, father of the Jewish people, gave tithes of his spoils; his choicest spoils to Melchizedek.

      • Melchizedek had not fought along side Abraham; there was no reason recorded for Abraham to give a tithe to this King of Salem, but Abraham recognized him as a deserving and faithful priest of the Most High God.

  • Blessings from the Greater (v. 7)

  • Eternity in Greatest (v. 8)

SALVATION DELIVERED (7:25)